FREE AIIMS MCQ on 17 December 2016

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 DAILY FREE MCQ CHALLENGE for Medical PG Preparation

Question
Premature baby weighing 1500 grams or less is most likely to suffer from which of the following?
A. Retinopathy of prematurity
B. Cataract
C. Glaucoma
D. Retinal detachment

TIPSImportant Question from AIIMS 2013

Answer: A. Retinopathy of prematurity

Explanation :

Retinopathy of Prematurity

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vasoproliferative retinopathy that affects premature and low-birth-weight infants. The retina is completely vascularized by 36–40 weeks of gestation.

All babies younger than 30 weeks gestational age, or a birth weight of 1500 g or less, and those that receive prolonged supplemental oxygen therapy should undergo repeated screening from 2–4 weeks after birth until the retina is fully vascularized, the retinal changes have undergone spontaneous resolution, or appropriate treatment has been given.

Reference: Chapter 10. Retina. In: Riordan-Eva P, Cunningham ET, Jr. eds. Vaughan & Asbury’s General Ophthalmology, 18e. Reference link

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